Materials used to make Polo Shirts


Like the numerous uses of polo shirts, there are many different materials as well. Some accepted materials for polo shirts include piqué, polyester and cotton performance. The first polo shirts were made with piqué, which is a type of slackly woven cotton. Piqué encompasses many different patterns, including waffle knits, cords, and honeycomb. This fabric is also much stiffer than ordinary cotton, which lets it have a more formal appearance.

Although the original fabric for polo shirts is piqué, cotton has taken over as the most popular. Cotton, as everyone is aware of, is a lightweight fabric made from the plant of the same name. Cotton has been a product used in garments and other materials for centuries, even playing a major part in slavery in the United States. Today, cotton can be found in almost every type of garments, including polo shirts. Cotton is well-liked because of how lightweight and comfortable it is. However, cotton’s fame has been decreasing in recent years due to fabrics such as polyester and poly performance offering benefits. In current years, there have been campaigns to make cotton the go-to fabric for clothing. Polo shirts made out of cotton have a more casual look, but they can be worn for almost any occasion.

Cotton can even be mixed with other fabrics to make new materials. Blending polyester and cotton is a popular combination for many polo shirts. Polyester is a synthetic fabric made by the linking of esters to the fibre through reactions with alcohol. Polyester is a popular fabric for polo shirts because it is durable, strong, and dries easily. Another benefit of polyester is that it can be used to make a wrinkle-resistant fabric. On the other hand, a downfall of polyester is it does not feel as natural as organic products such as cotton. Polyester is often pooled with cotton or other natural materials to create a more natural feel. Similar to cotton, polyester has a more casual feel but can be worn for almost any occasion.

A moderately newer fabric to take over the polo shirt market is spandex, often called poly performance. Poly performance is a synthetic fabric that is known for its comfort and elasticity. Many companies have taken spandex and made it into their own unique product. Nike has its Dri-FIT line of clothing, which not only includes polo shirts but also shorts, shirts, and underwear. Spandex and poly performance is popular for sports because polo shirts have the capability to wick away moisture. It is common to view many athletes, especially golfers, wear poly performance polo shirts for their games or competitions. 

Though these four fabrics are some of the most accepted materials for polo shirts, they are not the only ones. Materials such as ottoman and jersey are also used for polo shirts. Many fabrics overlap as well. For instance, piqué is a type of cotton, but it is woven differently. And like polyester, polo shirts can have a mixture of fabrics to make the fabric most desirable for the usage. Like the numerous uses, polo shirts come with numerous fabrics as well.